Technology
Byproducts
Transportation Fuels
Our systems can produce high quality diesel for vehicle fuel using an advanced Fischer-Tropsch process. Fuels produced by the system are ready for market and are not required to be blended prior to resale. Because we use waste products as a feedstock, our system does not cause price increases on agricultural products associated with other processes such as corn-ethanol production. The system can be optimized to produce diesel, petrol, ethanol, LPG, or jet fuels.
Electricity
Thermal processing systems can be configured to produce electricity via syngas cogeneration and/or heat recovery. The system itself can be powered by the electricity it produces which makes it possible to construct processing plants in remote locations and makes it an ideal solution for islands. The surplus electricity not consumed by the system can be monetized by obtaining local Power Purchase Agreements or by sale to other distributors.
Precious & Nonprecious Metals
Plasma processing systems can recover precious and other valuable metals from ores and other refining process finer than 600 mesh. These metals/elements include gold, platinum, palladium, titanium, silver, bronze, copper, and cadmium. International commodity markets provide a readily identifiable market value and an active mechanism to sell precious metal ingots to numerous international purchasers.
Water
Water is a significant byproduct of the fuel production process. The oxygen atoms that enter the system from the feedstock attract hydrogen atoms that are not refined into fuel, creating an H2O molecule. This water can be used as cooling water for the system, agricultural water for local farms, distilled water for various chemical processes, or it can be calcified to make it drinkable.
Hydrogen Enriched Syngas
Synthesis Gas, also known as syngas, has characteristics of compressed natural gas (CNG) and can be placed directly into a pipeline system. Syngas is combustible and often used as a fuel source or as an intermediate substance for the production of other chemicals. A portion of the syngas produced is used in cogeneration engines to power the system and the plant. The remaining gas can be sold directly to local gas utilities.
Vitrified Aggregate
Vitrified aggregate is a byproduct of the demolecularization of waste products and is an excellent abrasive for industrial sand-blasting. The US Navy has used recycled vitrified aggregate for cleaning the hulls of large naval vessels. Once the glass is used and is on the dry-dock floor, it is collected and returned to the plasma sites for destruction and recycling. The aggregate can also be used as road aggregate and in construction compositions including bricks and pavers.
Carbon Black
Carbon Black is used in the manufacture of chemicals, tires, metallurgy, and industrial processes. In tire manufacturing, carbon black helps conduct heat away from the tread and belt area of the tire, reducing thermal damage and increasing tire life. Its particles are also employed in some radar absorbent materials. Additionally, high grade carbon black is widely used in the printing industry for pigments and printer toner cartridges.
Other Liquid and Solid Chemicals
Depending on the chemical composition of the feedstock, namely MSW, various chemicals such as sulfur, mercury, liquid carbon dioxide, and hydrochloric acid can be recovered and sold to chemical companies. These chemicals have market demand for industrial processes, but are hazardous if allowed to leach into groundwater from landfills. Plasmafication™ of MSW prevents this leaching from occuring eliminating the threat of groundwater toxification.